“Obesity, Orthopaedics, and Outcomes,” a study published in the November issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (JAAOS), suggests that even though patients with obesity face higher surgical complication rates, orthopaedic procedures can help minimize pain and improve bone and joint function. The study authors note that in all age groups obese patients are more likely to report chronic musculoskeletal pain and that osteoarthritis is a major reason for a total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in obese patients. The need for a TKA is estimated to be at least 8.5 times higher among patients with a body mass index (BMI) greater than or equal to 30, compared with patients who have a BMI within the normal range of 18.5 to 24.9. The study authors recommend that patients with morbid obesity (BMI of 40 or higher) be: advised to lose weight before total joint arthroplasty (TJA); offered resources for weight loss before surgery; and, counseled about the possible complications and inferior results that may occur if they do not lose weight.
Read the full overview from the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons here.